CAPM – Capital Asset Pricing Model

In an efficient securities market, prices of securities, such as stocks, always fully reflect all publicly available information. This raises the question “What should the price be?” The well-known Sharpe-Lintner capital asset pricing model (CAPM) provides an answer. According to the model a share’s current market price will be such that: Expected return on the … Continue reading CAPM – Capital Asset Pricing Model

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Efficient Markets Hypothesis – Theory & Definition

Definition An efficient securities market is one where the prices of securities traded on that market at all times “properly reflect” all information that is publicly known about those securities. Noteworthy Points of the Theory First, market prices are efficient with respect to publicly known information. The possibility, therefore, of inside information is not ruled … Continue reading Efficient Markets Hypothesis – Theory & Definition

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Simple Interest – Definition and Calculation

When we borrow money we are expected to pay for using it – this is called interest. There are three components to calculate simple interest: principal (the amount of money borrowed), interest rate and time. Formula for calculating simple interest: I = Prt Where, I = interest P = principal r = interest rate (per … Continue reading Simple Interest – Definition and Calculation

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Macroeconomics: A General Overview

Finance is based on economics. Therefore, to properly understand financial markets and their behavior one must first understand economics. Economics at its core is concerned with the production, distribution, trade and consumption of goods and services. To put this in human terms we can say that economics is the science that arises out of the interplay between limited … Continue reading Macroeconomics: A General Overview

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International Free Trade Negotiations

In international trade, all countries strive to reach a contradictory goal. They would like to foster their exports in order to maximize income and profits for their business and industry and earn foreign exchange to strengthen their economy, while at the same time impose restrictions and tariffs to prevent other countries from exporting to them. … Continue reading International Free Trade Negotiations

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Understanding Financial Risk Management

Financial risk management, as opposed to “Risk Management” is used to protect against financial market exposures. Traditional risk management tries to protect against loss of physical assets through loss control programs and commercial insurance products. Firms that hold financial assets or liabilities are likely to try to protect themselves against loss in the value of the … Continue reading Understanding Financial Risk Management

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