How to Fill Out Form 1040 for 2023 | Taxes 2024

Step-by-step walkthrough on how to fill out the 2023 IRS Form 1040 for the 2024 tax season, covering how to calculate taxable income and understand deductions and tax credits. This guide simplifies tax filing, helping you determine whether you’re due a refund or owe taxes.

Learn how to correctly fill out the 2023 IRS Form 1040 form. Form 1040 is the U.S. individual income tax return. It is used to report an individual’s taxable income to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This guide includes an overview of the Form 1040 and step-by-step instructions for completion. Updated for filing the 2023 tax return.


A lesson on managing your U.S. federal taxes using IRS Form 1040 for 2023. It begins with the basics: personal information entry including social security number, address, and filing status. You’ll learn how to accurately calculate your taxable income by summing up all your earnings, such as wages and bonuses. The process of determining tax liability, which involves balancing your earnings against any credits and pre-paid taxes, is also covered. The form helps you figure out if you’re due a refund or owe more taxes.

Understanding the classification of dependents, crucial for optimizing tax breaks, is explained in detail. You’ll navigate income reporting, including W2 and 1099 forms, and learn about different types of income like taxable and tax-exempt interest, and capital gains. The form guides you in choosing between standard and itemized deductions to reduce your taxable income. Finally, the lesson covers calculating your tax using the updated tax brackets, exploring tax credits, and understanding federal income tax withheld and estimated tax payments and the steps to calculate your refund or amount owed.

Introductory Video

Before watching the video, it’s important to note that if you’re new to taxes or just starting out, we highly recommend watching the following introductory video first. It’ll provide a solid foundation for the concepts we’ll be covering.

How to do Taxes – Tax Filing Guide for Beginners


Forms and Documents

Information from the IRS website, where you can also find instructions and the forms you need to fill.


Need more help?

For more help with taxes we suggest TurboTax.  (This is an affiliate link and we may receive compensation if you use this service, at no additional cost to you. We appreciate your support, as it helps us create more content for you.)

If your tax situation is complex, it is strongly recommended to use a tax filing software or seek the assistance of a certified public accountant (CPA) to ensure accuracy and compliance. This video provides an overview of the basic process of filling out Form 1040, but does not cover more complicated tax scenarios. Remember that every individual’s tax situation is unique, so it is essential to consult the official IRS instructions when preparing your tax return on your own.


Tax Deadlines

In general, the form must be filed annually by April 15th (or the next business day if that date falls on a weekend or holiday) by all individuals who have taxable income for the previous year.

In 2024, there are several important tax deadlines to keep in mind. For the majority of taxpayers, the deadline to file the 2023 tax return and pay any owed taxes is Monday, April 15, 2024. However, residents of Maine and Massachusetts benefit from a slightly extended deadline, which falls on Wednesday, April 17, 2024, due to state holidays. Additionally, for those who have filed for an extension, the final deadline to submit the tax return and settle any outstanding tax payments is Tuesday, October 15, 2024. It’s crucial for taxpayers to be aware of these dates to ensure compliance and avoid potential penalties.

1040 Form Information

The form has several sections for reporting income, deductions, and credits, as well as personal information such as name, address, Social Security number, and filing status. Some common items that are reported on Form 1040 include wages, salaries, tips, and other earnings; interest and dividends; capital gains and losses; and income from rental properties, businesses, and investments.

In addition to the standard Form 1040, there are several schedules that may be required to be filed along with it, depending on the individual’s specific tax situation. These schedules include Schedule A (Itemized Deductions), Schedule B (Interest and Ordinary Dividends), Schedule C (Profit or Loss from Business), and Schedule D (Capital Gains and Losses), among others.

It’s important to note that some taxpayers might be eligible to file Form 1040-SR (U.S. Tax Return for Seniors) instead of Form 1040. This is a simplified version of the standard Form 1040, designed for taxpayers who are age 65 or older.


Need more Time?

  • How to File a Tax Extension – In this video, learn how to file a tax extension to get some extra time to prepare your tax documents. You’ll find step-by-step instructions on how to file IRS Form 4868 and tips to use your extension wisely.


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Website Resource

  • Money Instructor – Money Instructor is the leading source for financial education and skills development.


Money Instructor does not provide tax, legal or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for educational and informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal and accounting advisors regarding your own situation. Although the information has been researched and vetted beforehand, it may not be current at the time of viewing.

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